Front cover, colour transparency courtesy of Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna; back cover, British Museum MS 13964, f.209, photo © Trustees of the British Museum; title page, L. A. Brown, The story of map*s, Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1950, p. 169; imprint/contents pages, map of Africa reproduced from Liverpool University Library copy, Ryl. N.2.24-6, by permission of the librarian; opposite Preface, map of Australia courtesy of National Library of Australia from J. J. Maslen, The friend of Australia or, a plan for exploring the interior, Hurst, Chana, London, 1830, Ferguson no. 1379; 1.1, courtesy of Service Photographique, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris; 1.2, from A universal history of infamy by Jorge Luis Borges, tr. Norman Thomas di Giovanni (Penguin Books, 1973), © Emece Editores, S. A., and Norman Thomas di Giovanni, 1970, 1971, 1972, reproduced by permission of Penguin Books Ltd, London; 1.3, from M. Gardner (ed.), T*he annotated snark, rev. edn, Penguin, London, 1974, by courtesy of Simon & Schuster, Inc. (proprietors); 2.1(left), Mercator Map, 1569, from R. W. Shirley, The mapping of the world, Holland Press, London, 1984, courtesy of Service Photographique, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris; 2.1 (right), outline of Mercator's world map from G. R. Crone, Maps and their makers, 5th edn, Dawson, Folkestone, Kent, 1978; 2.2, 2.3, Peters World Maps © Prof. Dr Arno Peters, used by permission of Oxford Cartographers, Eynsham, Oxford; 2.5, MS Parm. 1614, reproduced by courtesy of Biblioteca Palatine di Parma (transparency: Vivi Papi); 2.6, F. Guaman Porn a de Ayala, Nueva corónica y buen gobierno, facsimile edn, Paris, 1936, reproduced from G. Brotherston, Image of the new world, Thames and Hudson, London, 1979, pp. 238-9; 2.7, from the book The cosmic connection, by Carl Sagan, Anchor Press, Garden City, NY, © 1973 (photo: Jerome Agel); 2.8, copyright London Regional Transport, Registered User no. 88/E/427; 3.t, 3.2, J. B. Harley & D. Woodward (eds), The history of cartography, vol. I, Cartography in prehistoric, ancient and medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, University of Chicago Press, 1987, figs 4.28 and 4.29; 3.3, from copy by Grace Huxtable in James Mellaart, 'Excavations at Catal Hüyük, 1963: Third preliminary report', Anatolian Studies vol. 14, 1964, pp.39-119, pI.VI; 3.4(left), P. D. A. Harvey, The history of topographical maps, Thames and Hudson, London, 1980, p. 125, fig.71; 3.4(right), photo courtesy of Dr J. Oelsner, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitlit, Jena, DDR; 3.5, photo and line drawing from R. F. S. Starr, Nuzi: Report on the excavations, vol. 2, Harvard University Press, 1937, p1.55, items T, U, reproduced by permission; 3.5, colour transparency and reproduction courtesy of Archivio di Stato di Venezia; 3.7, from Pages from the altar of Kiangsi province, south-east China, 18th century, pl.V (MS 16356), courtesy of the British Library; 3.8, colour transparency from Windsor Castle, Royal Library, © Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II; 3.9, transparency from Cotton MS Augustus I ii 39, courtesy of the British Library; 4.2, map drawn by Indians on birch-bark (shelf mark) BL RUSI (misc.)I, by permission of the British Library; 4.3 (top), Marshall Islands chart of coconut fibre and shells (British Museum no. 2289), photo © Trustees of the British Museum; 4.3. (bottom), Marshall Islands sailing chart of the meddo type, photo © Trustees of the British Museum; 4.4(top), chart of peninsula between two fjords near Sermiligak, from Gustav Holm, Umiak Expedition to East Greenland 1884-85 (map La 21), reproduced by permission of the National Museum of Denmark, Department of Ethnography (photo: Lennart Larsen); 4.4 (middle and bottom), from Gustav Holm collection from East Greenland 1885 (maps La 19, 20), photos © the Greenland Museum 1988; 4.5, from S. Dewdney, The sacred scrolls of the Southern Ojibway, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1975, reprinted by permission of the publisher; 4.5, reproduced from The Map Collector, issue 9, 1979, fig. 3b, p. 27; 4.7, Cartographic Branch, National Archives, Washington, DC, record group 75, map 821, tube 520; 4.8, reproduced from The Map Collector, issue 9, 1979, fig. 4b, p. 27; 4.1, photo courtesy of Butler Library, Columbia University in the City of New York; 4.10, British Admiralty chart 863, Hudson Bay and Strait, 28 June 1884, large corrections May 1888, National Archives of Canada, C-I06774; UI, Admiralty chart no. 863, used by permission of the Canadian Hydrographic Office and the Hydrographer of the Navy, Ministry of Defence, Taunton, UK; 5.1, reproduced by permission from N. Williams, The Yolngu and their land, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra, 1986, endpapers (artist: M. McKenzie); 5.2, bark painting, Crocodile and fire dreaming, Deakin University collection, reproduced by permission of Mr Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Yirrkala, NT, for the Gumatj clan; 5.4, bark painting, Dugong and fire dreaming, Deakin University collection, reproduced by permission of Mr Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Yirrkala, NT, for the Gumatj clan; 5.5, bark painting, Water goannas and water dreaming, Deakin University collection, reproduced by permission of Djamika; 5.1, Ordnance Survey I :63360, 7th series, sheet 173 (East Kent), edn A, 1959, crown copyright reserved, reproduced by permission of Ordnance Survey (photo: The British Library); 5.2, 5.3, courtesy of Hunting Aerofilms; 7.1, RGS 33898, 'World map of Ptolomy, Klaudius', transparency courtesy of Bridgman Art Library, London; 7.2, J. B. Harley & D. Woodward (eds), The history of cartography, vol. I, Cartography in prehistoric, ancient and medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, University of Chicago Press, 1987, fig. 18.4, p.297; 7.3, Ebstorfworld map, from L. Bagrow, History of cartography, rev. and enlarged by R. A. Skelton, C. A. Watts, London, 1964, pl.E; 7.4, British Museum MS 30088, reproduced by permission of Trustees of the British Museum (colour transparency: British Library); 7.5, D. Gohm, Antique maps, Octopus Books, London, 1972, p. 110; 7.5, 'The Evil Genius of Europe' map of 1857, BL 1078 (24), by permission of the British Library; 7.7, collection of the Worshipful Company of Makers of Playing Cards, Guildhall Library, City of London (photo: Godfrey New Photographics); 7.8, 'The false map', 1854, from the Strachan & Co collection, University of Melbourne archives, by permission; 8.1, E. Bullard, E. J. Everett & A. Gilbert Smith, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, ser. A, vol. 258, 1965, by permission of the Royal Society; 8.2, from Gilben, Geographical Journal, vol. 124, 1958, p. 179, by permission of the Royal Geographical Society; 8.3, from R. A. Phinney (ed.), The history of the earth's crust, fig. 4, facing p.80, copyright © 1986 by Princeton University Press, reproduced with permission of Princeton University Press; 9.1, C. O. Frake, 'Cognitive maps of time and tide among medieval seafarers', Man, vol. 20, 1985, fig. 2, by permission of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; 9.2, D. Gohm, Antique maps, Octopus Books, London, 1972, p.95; 9.3, by permission of AGPS, Canberra; 10.1, B. Latour, Knowledge and society: Studies in the sociology of culture past and present, vol. 6, JAI Press, Greenwich, CT, by permission of the publisher; 10.2, Diego Ribero's map of the world, 1529, courtesy of Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana; 10.3, by permission of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford Cathedral; I0.4, Crown Copyright, Public Record Office MPC 56 ex DL 31/61; 10.5, Kingsley Palmer, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.